12 Best Audi Quattro 1985 & Audi TT Quattro Rally

12 Best Audi Quattro 1985 & Audi TT Quattro Rally  – The Germans have the talents to build piece of engineering beauty and the Audi Quattro was no exception. With great performance and practicality to deliver, the car was sensational back then and still mesmerizing today. Designed to conquer the world of rallying in the 1980s, it was the first to combine a permanent four-wheel drive system and turbocharged engine.

Audi Quattro 1985
Audi Quattro 1985

Audi Quattro series used three different engines throughout the production years from 1980 to 1991. The original one fitted into the first unit was a 2.1L 5-cilynder 10-Valve engine combined with turbocharger and intercooler; all in all, it produced 197 bhp and 0-60mph acceleration in 7.1 seconds. The top speed reached more than 137 miles per hour. It may not sound much even in the 1980s but the secret to Audi Quattro’s successful campaign in the WRC was the four-wheel drive system when other cars in the rallying competition at that time used two-wheel drive.

Audi Quattro old vintage cars
Audi Quattro old vintage cars

Unlike most cars with four-wheel drive system, Audi Quattro did not use “transfer box” to distribute power from the engine to the wheels. Instead, the engineers at Audi developed a center differential – a set of rotating gears with two output shafts – to direct the torque (the engine turning force) to front and rear wheels. Most notable difference is that center differential system was much more compact than traditional transfer box, so it could be fitted within the car’s gearbox. More importantly, the system was infinitely adjustable to send power to the wheel with the most grip. Such system was then popularly known as Torque-Sensing or simply TorSen.

Audi Quattro Rally
Audi Quattro Rally

When travelling on slippery surfaces, as a result, Audi Quattro system was as efficient as running on dry road. As it turned out, Audi continues to use the same mechanism for high-performance cars for current models as well. With the possible exception of Lancia Stratos, the Auto Quattro was probably the best race-minded car that made its way to popularity as road-going model. Among enthusiasts, Audi Quattro models were identified by engine codes as follows:

Lancia Stratos Kit
Lancia Stratos Kit
  • 1L 10-Valve – WR (1980 – 1987)
  • 2L 10-Valve – MB (1987 – 1989)
  • 2L 20-Valve – RR (1989 – 1991)
Lancia Stratos
Lancia Stratos

Throughout 11 years of production line, the car had no major changes in the overall visual design except slight difference in 1983 and 1985. For the 1983 model years, the headlamps were changed from four-separate lenses into combined units with twin reflectors. Audi Quattro 1985 received another minor exterior treatment again, this time the front grille and headlights as well as the badge were altered.

Audi Quattro Classic Cars
Audi Quattro Classic Cars

Going through the first production 1980, the car was not actually sold in North America market until 1983. Despite the changes in the 1983 model years in Europe, it did not happen yet in the U.S. and Canadian markets; instead they still used separate headlamps at that time. Because the original WR engine also has some modifications in terms of emission control, ECU, camshaft, and boost pressure, it was coded as WX. Audi also made some special edition WX Quattro units in 1988, featuring analogue instruments and identical specification as MB engine for that year.

Audi TT Quattro
Audi TT Quattro

The Nomenclature

As always, the naming for cars can be confusing unless you are true gear head. There are Audi Quattro and Audi quattro models. The original series used capital letter “Q” and everything else that follows is attached with lower case “q”. What makes things more confusing is that Audi also produced several versions of the original series and used the same term to refer to the four-wheel drive system.

Audi TT Quattro Roadster
Audi TT Quattro Roadster

In addition to the original models, there was also the Audi Sport Quattro introduced in 1984. It was not developed as road-going car but for homologation for Group B rallying and produced in limited numbers only. The engine was slightly smaller than the RR in order to qualify for the 3-liter class (because turbo was also a factor). The car was updated in 1985 and called the Audi Sport Quattro S1 E2. In any case, the original version used “Quattro” in the name, while the subsequent models equipped with the same four-wheel drive system (or improved ones for that matter) used lower case “quattro”, for example Audi TT quattro or Audi RS4 quattro

Audi TT Quattro Custom Rims
Audi TT Quattro Custom Rims

WRC Reign

When people talk about Audi Quattro, they mostly refer to the A1 and A2 variants. Audi A1 Quattro was the original competition car that debuted in 1980. Over the course of three years, Audi would introduce the A1 and A2 evolutions, with the latter won 8 world rallies in 1983 and 1984. A summary of Audi Quattro rally achievements are as follows:

 #EventCountrySeasonVersion
131st International Swedish Rally1981Audi Quattro
223º Rallye Sanremo1981Audi Quattro
330th Lombard RAC Rally1981Audi Quattro
432nd International Swedish Rally1982Audi Quattro
516º Rallye de Portugal Vinho do Porto1982Audi Quattro
629º Acropolis Rally1982Audi Quattro
7Rally of Brazil1982Audi Quattro
832º 1000 Lakes Rally1982Audi Quattro
924º Rallye Sanremo1982Audi Quattro
1031st Lombard RAC Rally1982Audi Quattro
1133rd International Swedish Rally1983Audi Quattro A1
1217º Rallye de Portugal Vinho do Porto1983Audi Quattro A1
133º Marlboro Rally Argentina San Carlos de Bariloche1983Audi Quattro A2
1433º 1000 Lakes Rally1983Audi Quattro A2
1532nd Lombard RAC Rally1983Audi Quattro A2
1652ème Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo1984Audi Quattro A2
1734th International Swedish Rally1984Audi Quattro A2
1818º Rallye de Portugal Vinho do Porto1984Audi Quattro A2
1931º Acropolis Rally1984Audi Quattro A2
2014º Sanyo Rally of New Zealand1984Audi Quattro A2
214º Marlboro Rally of Argentina YPF Cordoba1984Audi Quattro A2
2216ème Rallye “Marlboro” Côte d’Ivoire1984Audi Quattro Sport
2327º Rallye Sanremo1985Audi Quattro Sport S1
Audi Sport Quattro
Audi Sport Quattro

With an Audi Quattro, despite its old age today, what you get is a thoroughbred classic rallying car with achievements to brag about. When it comes to classic rally car, if there had been one that could be arguably more sensational than the Audi, it would have been the Lancia Stratos. Unlike the Audi Quattro, however, a used one in good condition will cost you about $100,000 if not more. The next best thing you can get is a Lancia Stratos Kit, which does not likely include an engine. On the other hand, a classic Audi Quattro may cost just under $40,000 or even less; and that is ready to drive

Audi A1 Quattro
Audi A1 Quattro
Audi A1 Quattro Custom
Audi A1 Quattro Custom