12 Best Audi Quattro 1985 & Audi TT Quattro Rally – The Germans have the talents to build piece of engineering beauty and the Audi Quattro was no exception. With great performance and practicality to deliver, the car was sensational back then and still mesmerizing today. Designed to conquer the world of rallying in the 1980s, it was the first to combine a permanent four-wheel drive system and turbocharged engine.
Audi Quattro series used three different engines throughout the production years from 1980 to 1991. The original one fitted into the first unit was a 2.1L 5-cilynder 10-Valve engine combined with turbocharger and intercooler; all in all, it produced 197 bhp and 0-60mph acceleration in 7.1 seconds. The top speed reached more than 137 miles per hour. It may not sound much even in the 1980s but the secret to Audi Quattro’s successful campaign in the WRC was the four-wheel drive system when other cars in the rallying competition at that time used two-wheel drive.
Unlike most cars with four-wheel drive system, Audi Quattro did not use “transfer box” to distribute power from the engine to the wheels. Instead, the engineers at Audi developed a center differential – a set of rotating gears with two output shafts – to direct the torque (the engine turning force) to front and rear wheels. Most notable difference is that center differential system was much more compact than traditional transfer box, so it could be fitted within the car’s gearbox. More importantly, the system was infinitely adjustable to send power to the wheel with the most grip. Such system was then popularly known as Torque-Sensing or simply TorSen.
When travelling on slippery surfaces, as a result, Audi Quattro system was as efficient as running on dry road. As it turned out, Audi continues to use the same mechanism for high-performance cars for current models as well. With the possible exception of Lancia Stratos, the Auto Quattro was probably the best race-minded car that made its way to popularity as road-going model. Among enthusiasts, Audi Quattro models were identified by engine codes as follows:
- 1L 10-Valve – WR (1980 – 1987)
- 2L 10-Valve – MB (1987 – 1989)
- 2L 20-Valve – RR (1989 – 1991)
Throughout 11 years of production line, the car had no major changes in the overall visual design except slight difference in 1983 and 1985. For the 1983 model years, the headlamps were changed from four-separate lenses into combined units with twin reflectors. Audi Quattro 1985 received another minor exterior treatment again, this time the front grille and headlights as well as the badge were altered.
Going through the first production 1980, the car was not actually sold in North America market until 1983. Despite the changes in the 1983 model years in Europe, it did not happen yet in the U.S. and Canadian markets; instead they still used separate headlamps at that time. Because the original WR engine also has some modifications in terms of emission control, ECU, camshaft, and boost pressure, it was coded as WX. Audi also made some special edition WX Quattro units in 1988, featuring analogue instruments and identical specification as MB engine for that year.
As always, the naming for cars can be confusing unless you are true gear head. There are Audi Quattro and Audi quattro models. The original series used capital letter “Q” and everything else that follows is attached with lower case “q”. What makes things more confusing is that Audi also produced several versions of the original series and used the same term to refer to the four-wheel drive system.
In addition to the original models, there was also the Audi Sport Quattro introduced in 1984. It was not developed as road-going car but for homologation for Group B rallying and produced in limited numbers only. The engine was slightly smaller than the RR in order to qualify for the 3-liter class (because turbo was also a factor). The car was updated in 1985 and called the Audi Sport Quattro S1 E2. In any case, the original version used “Quattro” in the name, while the subsequent models equipped with the same four-wheel drive system (or improved ones for that matter) used lower case “quattro”, for example Audi TT quattro or Audi RS4 quattro
When people talk about Audi Quattro, they mostly refer to the A1 and A2 variants. Audi A1 Quattro was the original competition car that debuted in 1980. Over the course of three years, Audi would introduce the A1 and A2 evolutions, with the latter won 8 world rallies in 1983 and 1984. A summary of Audi Quattro rally achievements are as follows:
|1||31st International Swedish Rally||1981||Audi Quattro|
|2||23º Rallye Sanremo||1981||Audi Quattro|
|3||30th Lombard RAC Rally||1981||Audi Quattro|
|4||32nd International Swedish Rally||1982||Audi Quattro|
|5||16º Rallye de Portugal Vinho do Porto||1982||Audi Quattro|
|6||29º Acropolis Rally||1982||Audi Quattro|
|7||Rally of Brazil||1982||Audi Quattro|
|8||32º 1000 Lakes Rally||1982||Audi Quattro|
|9||24º Rallye Sanremo||1982||Audi Quattro|
|10||31st Lombard RAC Rally||1982||Audi Quattro|
|11||33rd International Swedish Rally||1983||Audi Quattro A1|
|12||17º Rallye de Portugal Vinho do Porto||1983||Audi Quattro A1|
|13||3º Marlboro Rally Argentina San Carlos de Bariloche||1983||Audi Quattro A2|
|14||33º 1000 Lakes Rally||1983||Audi Quattro A2|
|15||32nd Lombard RAC Rally||1983||Audi Quattro A2|
|16||52ème Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo||1984||Audi Quattro A2|
|17||34th International Swedish Rally||1984||Audi Quattro A2|
|18||18º Rallye de Portugal Vinho do Porto||1984||Audi Quattro A2|
|19||31º Acropolis Rally||1984||Audi Quattro A2|
|20||14º Sanyo Rally of New Zealand||1984||Audi Quattro A2|
|21||4º Marlboro Rally of Argentina YPF Cordoba||1984||Audi Quattro A2|
|22||16ème Rallye “Marlboro” Côte d’Ivoire||1984||Audi Quattro Sport|
|23||27º Rallye Sanremo||1985||Audi Quattro Sport S1|
With an Audi Quattro, despite its old age today, what you get is a thoroughbred classic rallying car with achievements to brag about. When it comes to classic rally car, if there had been one that could be arguably more sensational than the Audi, it would have been the Lancia Stratos. Unlike the Audi Quattro, however, a used one in good condition will cost you about $100,000 if not more. The next best thing you can get is a Lancia Stratos Kit, which does not likely include an engine. On the other hand, a classic Audi Quattro may cost just under $40,000 or even less; and that is ready to drive